Best Places to Visit in South America with On the Go Tours
Top 10 Destinations
Machu Picchu - Peru
Voted one of the New Seven World Wonders back in 2007, the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is perhaps one of South America's most famous attractions. And with good reason. Perched atop a dramatic mountain ridge overlooking the Urubamba River, the setting is nothing short of spectacular. The archaeological site itself is pretty special too with fine Inca stonework of temples, terraces and astronomical tools. Then there's the fact that one option of getting to this site is the Inca Trail - one of the world's most popular treks that takes you through breathtaking Andean landscapes.
Iguazu Falls - Brazil and Argentina
South America is home to numerous natural wonders (as you'll soon discover from this list) but as far as waterfalls are concerned, Iguazu Falls is a clear cut above the rest. It may not be the world's biggest but with over 250 separate cascades, it's certainly one of the most impressive. The falls straddle the border between Argentina and Brazil, which means you can easily visit both sides for a different view. It's worth doing as each side has its own unique selling point with the U-shaped Devil’s Throat largely contained within Argentina's borders while Brazil claims better panoramic views from platforms located further back from the cascading sheets of water.
The Galapagos Islands - Ecuador
If it's unique wildlife you're after, few places on the planet compare to the Galapagos Islands. This archipelago of volcanic islands evolved entirely separately from the rest of the continent, which resulted in a staggering wealth of endemic species. Giant tortoises, blue-footed boobies, marine iguanas and Sally Lightfoots (a brightly coloured crab) are just some of the animals that are totally unique to these islands. And you've got a pretty good chance of spotting these and more on an expedition cruise, sailing from one island to the next, disembarking at lava beaches to explore on foot.
The Amazon Rainforest - Peru, Ecuador, Brazil and Colombia
There's no doubt about it - the Amazon Rainforest is the best known rainforest in the world and one of the most important. Not only does it account for half of the planet's remaining forest, the Amazon also plays host to an unparalleled biodiversity ranging from insects to birds, flowers to trees. Forests are often described as the 'lungs of the Earth', which makes the Amazon our biggest pair. Superlatives aside, the Amazon tempts travellers with nature walks, canoe rides and jungle lodges for a chance to get up close and personal with the local wildlife in Peru, Ecuador, Brazil, Colombia and a number of other South American countries.
Patagonia - Chile and Argentina
Vast and sparsely populated, wild and rugged, Patagonia is a region of immense possibilities as far as your two feet are concerned. It's one of the continent's premier hiking destinations thanks to the winning combination of jaw-dropping landscapes, its enormous scale, world-class national parks and varied trekking routes. You'll find Patagonia in the far south of the continent, sprawling across Chile and Argentina. And within this region highlights include the distinctive twisted peaks and smooth towers of Torres del Paine and the spectacular glacier of Perito Moreno.
Easter Island - Chile
Pop several tonnes of archaeological mystery on an isolated, volcanic spit of land and the result is Easter Island. This enigmatic island is located off the coast of Chile and is world-famous thanks to its monumental statues of human figures. They are known as moai and date back to between 1250 and 1500 AD. There's over 900 moai on Easter Island, measuring up to 10 metres in height and weighing up to 82 tonnes with large heads and deep eye slits. It is still unclear exactly who built these statues and how they transported them across the island but that just adds to the appeal. The island itself has plenty to offer too with activities ranging from mountain biking and hiking to diving and surfing.
Lake Titicaca - Peru and Bolivia
Traditional Andean beliefs credit Lake Titicaca with being the place where the world was first born. Unsurprisingly, this makes the lake one of the most revered places for indigenous people living in Peru and Bolivia. And its these people and their age-old traditions that draw travellers to Lake Titicaca. Here you can visit floating islands made of totora reeds and meet the families that call them home. If that wasn't good enough reason to visit, perhaps the fact that Lake Titicaca is the world's highest navigable body of water might be. Thanks to its location on the border between Peru and Bolivia, it's also one of the most scenic with deep blue waters and the rolling mountains of the Andes as a backdrop.
Uyuni Salt Flats - Bolivia
Picture a sea of white stretching as far as the eye can see to meet a brilliant blue sky at the horizon. Except it isn't a sea, it's a salt pan, and specifically the Uyuni Salt Flat in southwest Bolivia. Known in Spanish as the Salar de Uyuni, it's the world's largest salt flat and is all that remains of a prehistoric lake that evaporated out of existence. What was left is a staggering amount of salt that now serves as the setting for perspective-warping photos taken with small dinosaur toys. There's also the odd island covered with cacti and viewpoints offering expansive views over the salt flats.
Rio de Janeiro - Brazil
If any city is going to get on this list of best places to visit in South America, it's Rio de Janeiro. Brazil's most popular metropolis boasts natural beauty and steamy culture galore. Its stunning harbour won a place on the Natural Seven Wonders of the World while the 30-metre-tall Christ the Redeemer statue that stands solemnly above the city earned a spot on the New Seven World Wonders list. That's two world wonders in one city. And as if that wasn't enough, Rio is also home to one of the greatest street parties the world has ever seen. Every February the Rio Carnival delivers an explosion of colour and sound as elaborate floats and sexy dance troupes shimmer and shake their way through the streets.
Technically Antarctica is its own continent but as most expedition cruises set off from Ushuaia in Argentina, we're including it on this list. And with good reason - it's a once-in-a-lifetime destination that few people can claim to have visited. It's a land of extreme wilderness with dramatic glaciers and towering icebergs. There's nothing easy about visiting Antarctica - it's freezing cold with battering winds and rough seas yet it's this sense of challenge that attracts intrepid travellers looking to follow in the footsteps of legendary explorers. The reward is pristine frozen landscapes that will go down as some of the most memorable you'll ever see.
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